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The European Federation of Salaried Doctors (FEMS) was established in 1964 under the name of "European Federation of the Doctors of Communities", and adopted its current denomination in 1981. It is governed by statutes registered in France according to the regulation of the international associations.
Members of the Federation are representatives of trade unions and medical associations from EU member states, but it is also open to representatives from countries outside the EU.
Its goal is to defend at European level the moral and material interests of doctors working under administrative subordination, to ensure these doctors and their patients the best possible level of working conditions, decent salaries, continuous professional development, diagnostic and therapeutic independence with respect to administrations, whose exclusively economic point of view can sometimes be in conflict with the principles of a quality health system and correct medicine.
The Federation has played a significant role to obtain that the Directives of 1975 on free movement of doctors, which at the beginning were to understand only the liberal doctors, are established by taking account allforms of medical practice, including salaried medicine.
The FEMS always thought that salaried medicine was neither in opposition nor an alternative to liberal medicine, but was complementary.
The scopes of FEMS are, in the first place, to:
- improve working conditions, safety conditions, hygiene and health conditions of doctors,
- ensure a humane and sustainable working time of doctors,
- improve the payment and compensation for the work and reducing inequalities across EU,
- follow the rules of the medical professional responsibility and protection against professional risks;
- ensure high standards of the medical professional responsibility and protection against professional risks,
- participate, execute and control the health policies, in particular at the European level,
- promote collective bargaining,
- cooperate in the concerted actions with national or international doctors' representative organizations.
The FEMS works in close cooperation with the UEMS (European Union of Medical Specialists) , theAEMH (European Association of Senior Hospital Physicians), the EJD (European Junior Doctors) and takes part as Observer in the CPME (Standing Committee of the European Doctors), and in the Forum of National Medical Associations and the WHO, which allows a more general vision of problems of the medical profession.
The official languages of FEMS are French and English.